CHIIA currently produces data on the equity component of Chinese direct investment in Australia, by ultimate beneficial control. To qualify as direct investment, the investment must result in the investor holding at least 10 per cent in the Australian entity. 'Ultimate beneficial control' means the origin of the investment is defined by who ultimately controls the investment.
CHIIA data is produced using the definitions, standards and processes set out in the CHIIA Methodology. The CHIIA Methodology provides a way to consistently identify, verify and produce data based on public information.
CHIIA data is produced at the East Asian Bureau of Economic Research, in the Crawford School of Public Policy at the Australian National Univeristy.
CHIIA is therefore the only source of data on Chinese investment in Australia, public or private, which defines investment by ‘who’ the investor is and when the identified investment is realised. These technical distinctions are important. The immediate source does not necessarily reflect ultimate ownership of investment. Announced investments may not be realised. CHIIA data is therefore materially different from other sources, providing a new perspective on Chinese investment in Australia.
If you have any additional questions about CHIIA, please contact us.
Chart 1: Technical distinctions
Date of investment
|Dated by contracting||Dated by realisation|
|Source of investment by immediate origin||-||ABS|
|Source of investment by ultimate origin||
AEI China Global Investment Tracker
University of Sydney–KPMG